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    發布日期:2020-08-04 信息來源:經管學院 瀏覽次數: 字號:[ ]



    地點:騰訊會議 357 347 336

    匯報人:北京大學現代農學院 王金霞教授



    This study overviews China’s forty-year irrigation development, transformation of the institutional and incentive structures in irrigation management. After rural reforms in the 1970s, irrigation investments slowed until the late 1990s. In North China, farmers became major investors in groundwater irrigation, leading to property rights’ transfer of tubewells from collective to private ownership. Despite positive effects in cropping patterns, farmer income, and development of groundwater markets, privatization has accelerated groundwater table deterioration. Since the middle of 1990s, Water User Associations have replaced village collective management of surface irrigation. This trend reached most provinces by early 2001 with mixed results—only institutions with water saving incentives could realize efficient irrigation. The government is reforming water prices policies to provide water saving incentives to farmers while not hurting their income. While China has focused on water rights and markets, and despite regulations and pilot projects, full implementation of water rights has been slow. Research reveals greater policy scope for expanding irrigation technologies that generate real water saving to rural areas. Under pressures of water scarcity and food security, further effective reforms in irrigation and policy incentives thereof are expected. The government has also initiated some pilot projects to resolve increasing water scarcity problems through adjusting agricultural production activities.